Gordon Brush - Titanium Parts Need Titanium Brushes

Our thanks to Gordon Brush for allowing us to reprint the following.

The Problem

The use of stainless steel brushes on titanium parts has been a common practice since titanium came into widespread industrial use. When a titanium part is brushed with a stainless steel brush, small amounts of the stainless steel are abraded from the brush fiber and embedded in the surface of the titanium. The two dissimilar metals are physically bound. When moisture is added, the result is the creation of a battery and the start of galvanic corrosion.

Galvanic corrosion (also called dissimilar metal corrosion) refers to corrosion damage induced when two dissimilar materials are coupled in a corrosive environment. When a galvanic couple forms, the least noble of the metals in the couple becomes the anode [the stainless steel] and corrodes faster than it would all by itself, while the other becomes the cathode [the titanium part] and corrodes slower than it would alone. "A small anodic area relative to the cathodic area should be avoided" [MIL-STD-8898 5.1.4 ].

The extent of the corrosion is determined by the efficiency of the battery. Like most batteries, the potential is expressed in volts. The amount of potential voltage in the couple is expressed in the Anodic Index and is determined by the difference in the voltage potentials between the two metals. Titanium has a relative potential of .30v. The 400 series stainless steels have a potential of .60v. The difference in their potentials is .30v. If a 300 series stainless brush was used, the difference is .20v...

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