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Goat Hair: A very fine hair with limited elasticity. It has a natural kink that cannot be straightened. Used for short, soft bristle brushes like cosmetic brushes. Available in natural black and white, and dyed in blue, brown, gold, green, gray, and purple.
Hog Bristle: Relatively scarce and expensive. This material has characteristics that set it apart as the best natural filling material for a wide variety of bristle brushes. Each strand of bristle has a natural taper from the butt or flesh end to the tip, giving it resilience not found in other hairs. In addition, the tip end of each bristle is naturally split into two or more branches called the flag. Hog bristle has a slightly stiff to very stiff texture and is brown or black in color excellent for ESD applications. It has excellent durability and water resistance.
Horsehair: Horsehair is a medium to high cost material. Tail hair is stiffer than mane hair. Its soft to slightly stiff texture gives a scratch- free dry cleaning and has very good durability. Not resistant to acids or alkalis. Used for buffing, cleaning, dusting, and finishing in a variety of bristle brush styles: floor sweeps, shoe shine brushes, tin handle acid brushes, counter dusters, and window brushes, excellent for ESD applications. Heat distortion temperature is 370o F.
Camel Hair: Camel Hair brushes are not usually made from camel hair. Rather, “camel hair” is a more generic term used for lower priced, soft hair that is commonly used for artist brushes.
Ox Hair: In proportion to its diameter, ox hair is perhaps the stiffest of all soft hairs. Ox hair is particularly sought after in artist or dental brushes for fine lettering, striping and marking brushes.
Red Sable: The hair of the red sable is the most valuable of all soft hairs. It is very fine, has strong, sharp points and great elasticity and carries color well. Red sable hair makes the finest artists’ brushes, being particularly suited for use with Japan colors, oil colors and heavy- bodied sign- writing materials, and is best for fine lettering. Pure red sable hair has a perpetual taper, creating the finest point possible on a bristle brush.
Skunk or Fitch: This hair is rarely used alone. Combined with Chinese hog bristle, it makes excellent sign writer’s brushes. Grey skunk hair from eastern and western Europe has been found to be ideal for bristle brushes used in the manufacture of shade cloth.
Squirrel: This hair is divided into blue squirrel and Canadian squirrel. A very fine hair used for applying thin lacquers, Japan colors, light- bodied varnishes, and for general artwork, lettering and striping, as well as, cosmetic brushes.
Bass or Piassava: Obtained from the leaves of palm trees grown in West Africa. Two varieties of this fiber are available: Calabar Fiber, which is very coarse and brittle and Sherebro Fiber which is very stiff and pliable. This
fiber is light brownish red and very...
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